Undoubtedly, for countries all around the world, leading to energy security and self• sufficiency as well as economic growth and geo-political advantages, petroleum refinery is one of the most substantial industries. Hence, identifying and anticipating factors jeopardizing the industry's sustainability is essential to satisfy the demand for enough energy safely and sustainably.
Accidental fire, Explosions, and leaks of chemicals and gases are common in refineries, which can lead to the production of excessive pollution and consequently endangering the living creatures to health issues.
Animal existence in refining plants and their surrounding environment is a challenging issue that can result in irreparable damage. The absence of a system detecting animals near these places, considering the excessive pollutions, can lead to animal health problems. Also, equipment damages caused by animals near these places is another problem. To achieve access to a high level of security and reduce these risks, the amount of pollution should be measured, and all the facilities should be monitored.